AI-powered chatbots: the threats to national security are only beginning

The United Kingdom’s National Cyber Security Center (NCSC) recently issued a warning to its constituents on the threat posed by artificial intelligence (AI) to the national security of the UK. This was followed shortly by a similar warning from NSA cybersecurity director Rob Joyce. It is clear there is great concern from many nations surrounding the challenges and threats posed by AI.

To get a more rounded view of the dangers of bad actors using AI to infiltrate or attack nation-states, I reached out to the industry and found thoughts and opinions, and frankly, some who opted out of the discussion, at least for now.

The NCSC warned that queries are archived and thus could become part of the underlying large language model (LLM) of AI chatbots such as ChatGPT. Such queries could reveal areas of interest to the user and by extension the organization to which they belong. Joyce at the NSA opined that ChatGPT and its ilk will make cybercriminals better at their jobs, especially with the ability of a chatbot to improve phishing verbiage, making it sound more authentic and believable to even sophisticated targets.

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